IPCI's comprehensive conservation project for pernambuco was
developed for IPCI by CEPLAC, a government agricultural and
forestry research institute located in Itabuna, Bahia. The program established a partnership of regional institutions that carried out inventories and genetic studies, researched pernambuco propagation methods, produce seedlings and implemented replanting strategies
in farm and forest locations. Programma Pau Brasil was launched
in 2005 after several years of planning and consultation. Over the
course of five years it produced significant results, including:

Over 150,000 pernambuco seedlings planted.

A sub-project, the Bolsa Verde project, planted additional seedlings in
three settlements maintained by the Landless Workers Movement (MST),
an organization representing and supporting Brazil's landless people.

Seeds were donated to the Ecological Corridor Project, a national forest in the northern part of the Brazilian state Espiritu Santo, where pernambuco is being reintroduced.

A forest inventory and study of population dynamics of pernambuco trees was undertaken in 139 different sites. Plots were set up in 14 fragments, and 1,767 individual trees were measured.

The DNA of 69 pernambuco trees was studied using molecular marking techniques.

Phenology (flowering) studies were conducted in 12 Brazilian municipalities. 189 trees were geo-referenced and registered as mother trees.

A database was established that includes dozens of scientific papers and
information about pau brasil as well as a list of endemic flora species in Bahian rainforests.